Authority HISTORY

  1. In view of the historical position of Cairo as one of the most important major capitals in the world and the emergence of many transportation problems in it as a result of the steady increase in the population, the Egyptian government has invited many expert houses specialized in the field of transportation to conduct field studies of transportation problems in Cairo starting from the fifties of the last century to the present time. In order to meet the requirements of changing the demographic map of Greater Cairo and the emergence of several residential communities with large densities on its outskirts, this led to the necessity of studying the modification of the subway lines network to serve the new urban communities (6 October - New Cairo - Al-Shorouk - 10th of Ramadan) so that it became at the end of each line An interchange station for various means of transportation to reduce the traffic burden on all Cairo axes. The authority was established in 1983 by Law No. 113 of 1983 to carry out studies, design and implementation of tunnel and metro projects in the Arab Republic of Egypt and to conduct technical and economic studies and research for the project and related projects in cooperation with local and foreign expertise and companies. Operating devices. The Authority’s law was amended by Law No. 33 of 2018 to increase its scope of work to include electric traction rail transport projects and to allow the authority to partner with other governmental and private entities in the design, implementation and operation of electric traction railways. Law No. 180 of 2020 was issued in September 2020 to amend the authority’s law, as it aims to transform the National Authority for Tunnels into an economic public authority to give the authority flexibility and freedom in exercising its role and investing its money through economic activities that contribute to covering the operating and maintenance expenses of its affiliated projects outside the state’s general budget. All studies have recommended the necessity of implementing the Greater Cairo metro network, which consists of the following lines: The first line: (Helwan - New Marg), a length of 44 km, which has been in operation since 1987. The second line: (Shubra El-Kheima - El-Moneeb) with a length of 21.6 km, which was operated since 1996. The third line: (Adly Mansour - Imbaba - Cairo University) with a length of approximately 41.2 km, which was operated starting in 2012 and the implementation of the third phase (Ataba - Kit Kat - Imbaba - Cairo University) with a length of 17.7 km and it is planned to open in three phases Fourth line: (the borders of the 6th of October city - New Cairo) with a length of about 42 km - the implementation of the first phase is underway. Sixth line: (New Maadi - Al-Khosos) with a length of 35 km - under study. This is in addition to the electrical traction projects that the authority is implementing in conjunction with the sustainable development plan implemented by the authority. His Excellency President / Abdel Fattah El-Sisi, in establishing new urban communities in the east and west of Cairo and the new administrative capital, so it was necessary to provide transportation for the residents of these areas and to facilitate transportation to them, so the authority established means of mass transportation as follows: The electric train: (Salam City - 10th of Ramadan - New Administrative Capital) with a length of 103.3 km. East Nile Monorail: (Cairo Stadium - New Administrative Capital) with a length of 56.5 km. West Nile Monorail: (Arab League - Sixth of October City) 42 km long.